The ketogenic diet, commonly known as the "keto" diet, is a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet that has been used for various purposes, including weight loss and managing certain medical conditions. The primary goal of the keto diet is to induce a state of ketosis in the body, where it burns fat for energy instead of carbohydrates. This is achieved by significantly reducing carbohydrate intake and increasing the consumption of fats. Ketosis can lead to the production of molecules called ketones, which the body can use for energy. The diet typically consists of foods like meat, fish, eggs, dairy products, non-starchy vegetables, and healthy fats while avoiding sugary and starchy foods. It's important to note that the keto diet should be followed with caution and preferably under the guidance of a healthcare professional, as it may not be suitable for everyone and can have potential side effects.
Fats / Grasas
High Fat Intake: The keto diet emphasizes consuming a high proportion of your daily calories from healthy fats, such as avocados, olive oil, nuts, and fatty fish. This helps your body shift into ketosis, where it primarily burns fat for energy.
Low Carbohydrate Intake: Limit your daily intake of carbohydrates, especially refined sugars and starchy foods. The goal is to keep your carb consumption low, typically to around 5-10% of your daily caloric intake. This encourages your body to rely on fat for energy rather than glucose from carbs.
Proteins / Proteínas
Moderate Protein Consumption: While protein is important for your diet, excessive protein intake can interfere with ketosis. Aim for a moderate amount of protein, typically around 15-20% of your daily calories. Sources of protein can include lean meats, poultry, and plant-based options like tofu.